Thank you to Klaydi Borg, Darnoc Mizzi, Grech Carl and Mariema Zahra (Form 4 students) who cooperated to fulfill this YRE article project.
Auschwitz Liberation Camp Day is commemorated every year on January 27 and this year marks the 75th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz Camp in Poland. Around 120 Auschwitz and other Holocaust survivors from all over the world are expected to attend the Memorial at Auschwitz which will be held on Monday, January 27, 2020 thanks to the support of the Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial Foundation from New York City under the Leadership of Ronald S. Lauder. While Auschwitz was liberated on January 27, the event is recognized by the United Nations and the European Union as International Holocaust Remembrance Day
In preparation for this Memorial Day, on Wednesday January 22, 2020, a group of students at St. Margaret College Verdala School, Cospicua joned their teacher, Martin Azzopardi sdc, to commemorate Auschwitz Liberation Camp day while creating awareness amongst students about the atrocities held in the concentration camps of the Nazi Regime.
Then on the 26th January a special morning assembly was held in school to commemorate Auschwitz Liberation Camp day.
Auschwitz Concentration Camp was liberated on the 27th January 1945 by the soldiers of the 60th Army of the First Ukrainian Front. It was a paradox of history that Soviet soldiers (formally representing Stalinist regime) brought freedom to the prisoners of Nazi regime. The Russian Red Army obtained details about Auschwitz after the liberation of the city of Krakow and about seven thousand prisoners awaited liberation in the Main Camp of Auschwitz, Birkenau, and Monowitz. Before and soon after January 27, Soviet soldiers liberated about 500 prisoners in the Auschwitz sub-camps in StaraKuźnia, BlachowniaŚląska, Świętochłowice, Wesoła, Libiąż, Jawiszowice, and Jaworzno.
Over 230 Soviet soldiers, including the commander of the 472nd regiment, Col. SiemenLvovichBesprozvanny, died in combat while liberating the Main Camp of Auschwitz, Birkenau, Monowitz, and the city of Oświęcim.
In the Main Camp of Auschwitz and Birkenau, Soviet soldiers discovered the corpses of about 600 prisoners who had been shot by the withdrawing Nazi SS or who had succumbed to exhaustion.
No one knows exactly how many people were sent to Auschwitz, or how many died there since the Nazis did not maintain registration records for those who were to be exterminated immediately upon arrival at Auschwitz. However, historians estimate that between 1940 and 1945, the Nazis sent at least 1.3 million people to Auschwitz. About 1.1 million of these people died or were killed at Auschwitz. MAY THIS NEVER HAPPEN AGAIN.
At the end of this activity, students were informed that In Malta all cases of racism can be reported to Report Racism Malta – www.reportracism-malta.org. Report Racism Malta is a project of the People for Change Foundation, launched in November 2014 to address the under-reporting of discriminatory incidents by creating an easy-to-use mechanism for communicating incidents of racial discrimination. Report Racism Malta provides an avenue for reporting incidents of discrimination and racism against individual victims, and offers guidance in cases where cases may be taken forward and remedies accessed.
This project aims to reach three of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals: Reduced Inequalities; Good Health and Well-being; Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions; and Quality Education.